An Electrically Driven and Readable Molecular Monolayer Switch Based on a Solid Electrolyte
Elena Marchante, Dr. Núria Crivillers, Moritz Buhl, Prof. Jaume Veciana, Dr. Marta Mas-Torrent; Angewandte Chemie, Volume 55, Issue 1, January 4, 2016, Pages 368–372; DOI: 10.1002/anie.201508449
The potential application of molecular switches as active elements in information storage has been demonstrated through numerous works. Importantly, such switching capabilities have also been reported for self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). SAMs of electroactive molecules have recently been exploited as electrochemical switches. Typically, the state of these switches could be read out through their optical and/or magnetic response. These output reading processes are difficult to integrate into devices, and furthermore, there is a need to use liquid environments for switching the redox-active molecular systems. In this work, both of these challenges were overcome by using an ionic gel as the electrolyte medium, which led to an unprecedented solid-state device based on a single molecular layer. Moreover, electrochemical impedance has been successfully exploited as the output of the system.