SUSTAINABLE ENERGY CONVERSION AND STORAGE SYSTEMS (RL1)
Researchers in this line develop experimental and theoretical tools to increase the understanding on energy materials, in the areas of photovoltaics, thermoelectrics, next-generation batteries, supercapacitors and photocatalysis. The idea is to replace critical materials to boost sustainability and develop conversion and storage technologies up to proof-of-concept devices with beyond state-of-the-art performance.
SUPERCONDUCTORS FOR POWER APPLICATIONS: CLEAN AND SECURE ENERGY (RL2)
Researchers in this line work in the synthesis and optimization of the performance of superconducting tapes, which are a unique opportunity to enhance efficiency and reduce environmental impact in electricity transport, distribution, generation and use. These long tapes rely on achieving low manufacturing costs, while keeping high functional performances. Transmission DC- cables and fault current limiters, large wind generators and ultrahigh field magnets can only be developed by the use of high current superconductors. Achieving a low-cost/high-performance ratio is critical for market penetration.
OXIDE ELECTRONICS (RL3)
Transition metal oxides are considered to be the building blocks for efficient and energy friendly, data storage, advanced computing and energy harvesting devices. Researchers in this line are enthusiastically committed and contributing in:
- Exploit orbital physics and interface engineering to induce emerging properties
- Exploring oxides for data storage, communications and light harvesting
- Strain engineering of magnetic properties
- Searching and understanding multiferroic materials
- Integrating ferroelectric and ferromagnetic oxides on Silicon
- Beyond oxides: tailoring electronic properties with nitrides
- Designing and making artifi cial polar materials
MOLECULAR ELECTRONICS (RL4)
The use of molecules in electronic devices is arousing enormous interest due to their unique advantages for designing tailored functional materials, compatibility with low-cost production processes, biocompatibility and biodegradability. Researchers in this line focus on the fabrication of electronic devices which can have a strong impact on societal well-being related to technological advances and health. The devices are developed considering a holistic perspective including: design and synthesis of the molecules, structural, morphological and electronic characterisation, device fabrication and integration, and theory prediction and rationalization.
MULTIFUNCTIONAL NANOSTRUCTURES BIOMATERIALS (RL5)
Researchers in this line focus on nanostructured biomaterials for smart nanomedicine: therapy, diagnosis and tissue repair. These materials are developed based on the gathered long-term experience in modeling, obtaining, processing and performing in-vitro studies of nanostructured biomaterials of ICMAB researchers on: Theory and Simulation, Molecular Nanoscience and Organic Materials, Nanoparticles and Nanocomposites, Inorganic Materials and Catalysis, Supercritical Fluids and Functional Materials, and Electrochemistry.