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Reversible Control of Crystalline Rotors by Squeezing Their Hydrogen Bond Cloud Across a Halogen Bond-Mediated Phase Transition

Reversible Control of Crystalline Rotors by Squeezing Their Hydrogen Bond Cloud Across a Halogen Bond-Mediated Phase Transition

Cyprien Lemouchi, Hiroshi M. Yamamoto, Reizo Kato, Sergey Simonov, Leokadiya Zorina,Antonio Rodríguez-Fortea, Enric Canadell, Pawel Wzietek, Konstantinos Iliopoulos, Denis Gindre, Michael Chrysos, and Patrick Batail*.      Cryst. Growth Des., 2014, 14 (7), pp 3375–3383

Conical antiferromagnetic order in the ferroelectric phase of Mn0.8Co0.2WO4 resulting from the competition between collinear and cycloidal structures

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18-12-2012 11-36-45

I. Urcelay-Olabarria* , E. Ressouche , A. A. Mukhin and V. Yu. Ivanov, A. M. Balbashov, J. L. García-Muñoz, V. Skumryev;

Phys. Rev. B  Volume 85  Issue 22

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.224419

Evolution of competing commensurate collinear (AF4) and incommensurate cycloidal (AF2) magnetic structures in Mn0.8Co0.2WO4 multiferroic was studied by neutron diffraction, magnetic, and pyroelectric characterization measurements. In contrast to pure and slightly Co doped MnWO4, the antiferromagnetic AF4 collinear phase [k1=(1/2,0,0)] inherent to the pure CoWO4 was observed below Néel temperature TN≈20 K in Mn0.8Co0.2WO4. This collinear order survives down to the lowest temperature reached in the experiments (2 K) even after the appearance of the second (cycloidal AF2) spin order below TFE≈8.5 K [k2=(−0.211,1/2,0.452)]. Ferroelectric polarization along b axis was revealed below TFE in the low temperature conical phase resulting from the superposition of the AF4 and AF2 spin structures. The arrangement of the spins after the two successive magnetic transitions are thoroughly described. In particular, we found that spins in the AF4 phase are aligned along the easy direction in the ac plane (∼142 with respect to the c* axis), while the cycloidal AF2 spin order is developed in the magnetically hard directions, perpendicular to the easy one, and consequently the TFE decreases compared to the pure MnWO4.

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