On the impact of the stress situation on the optical properties of WSe2 monolayers under high pressure
We have studied the optical properties of WSe2 monolayers (ML) by means of photoluminescence (PL), PL excitation (PLE) and Raman scattering spectroscopy at room temperature and as a function of hydrostatic pressure up to ca. 12 GPa. For comparison the study comprises two cases: A single WSe2 ML directly transferred onto one of the diamonds of the diamond anvil cell and a WSe2 ML encapsulated into hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) layers. The pressure dependence of the A and B exciton, as determined by PL and PLE, respectively, is very different for the case of the bare WSe2 ML and the hBN/WSe2-ML/hBN heterostructure. Whereas for the latter the A and B exciton energy increases linearly with increasing pressure at a rate of 3.5 to 3.8 meV/GPa, for the bare WSe2ML the A and B exciton energy decreases with a coefficient of -3.1 and -1.3 meV/GPa, respectively. We interpret that this behavior is due to a different stress situation. For a single ML the stress tensor is essentially uniaxial with the compressive stress component in the direction perpendicular to the plane of the ML. In contrast, for the substantially thicker hBN/WSe2/hBN heterostructure the compression is hydrostatic. The results from an analysis of the pressure dependence of the frequency of Raman active modes comply with the interpretation of having a different stress situation in each case.
Related Topics: Methodologies for materials science and nanotechnology