AboutThe Service of Thin Films has been created to offer to the researchers the capability of fabrication of complex oxides thin films and heterostructures combining oxides and metals.
The deposition techniques are pulsed laser deposition (PLD) for oxides and sputtering for metals. Currently there are two PLD set-ups installed, and in short time both systems will be connected to a chamber with several sputtering units. PLD is a physical vapour deposition technique that uses ultraviolet laser radiation to vaporize material that is transferred to the substrate. The plot in Figure 1 is a sketch illustrating a PLD set-up.
The pulsed beam of an ultraviolet laser (usually an excimer) is focused on a ceramic target placed in a vacuum chamber. The combination of pulsed irradiation, high photon energy, and high energy density can cause the ablation of the material. Ablation refers to the etching and emission of material under conditions totally out of the equilibrium. The plasma created expands fast along the perpendicular direction of the target (see the photography in Figure 2). A substrate is placed front the target, and inert or reactive gases are usually introduced during the deposition process.
The technique is very suitable for oxides, and compared with other techniques is particularly useful to obtain films with complex stoichiometry and to grow epitaxial films and heterostructures. Moreover, PLD is highly versatile to optimize the deposition conditions of new materials, and the films can be grown in relatively fast processes. These characteristics favour the use of the technique by research groups having interest in different materials.
Publications“Pulsed Laser Deposition of Thin Films”, ed. By D.B. Chrisey and G.K. Hubler, Wiley,1994< “Pulsed Laser Deposition of Thin Films: Application-led Growth of Functional Materials”, ed. by R. Eason, Wiley, 2007 H.M. Christen and G. Eres, Recent Advances in Pulsed-Laser Deposition of Complex Oxides, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20, 264005 (2008)
Selected publications (ICMAB):D. Pesquera, G. Herranz, A. Barla, E. Pellegrin, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, F. Sánchez, J. Fontcuberta, Surface symmetry-breaking and strain effects on orbital occupancy in transition metal perovskite epitaxial films, Nature Communications 3, 1189 (2012) C. Ocal, R. Bachelet, L. Garzón, M. Stengel, F. Sánchez, J. Fontcuberta, Nanoscale laterally-modulated properties of oxide ultrathin films by substrate termination replica through layer-by-layer growth, Chemistry of Materials 24, 4177 (2012) M. Coll, J. Gazquez, A. Palau, M. Varela, X. Obradors, T. Puig, Low Temperature Epitaxial Oxide Ultrathin Films and Nanostructures by Atomic Layer Deposition, Chemistry of Materials 24 3732 (2012) P. de Coux, R. Bachelet, C. Gatel, B. Warot-Fonrose, J. Fontcuberta, F. Sánchez, Mechanisms of epitaxy and defects at the interface in ultrathin YSZ films on Si(001), CrystEngComm (Communication) 14, 7851 (2012) G. Herranz, F. Sánchez, N. Dix, M. Scigaj, J. Fontcuberta, High mobility conduction at (110) and (111) LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interfaces, Scientific Reports 2, 758 (2012) M. Foerster, R. Bachelet, V. Laukhin, J. Fontcuberta, G. Herranz, F. Sánchez, Laterally-confined two-dimensional electron gases in self-patterned LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interfaces, Applied Physics Letters 100, 231607 (2012) F. Sánchez, R. Bachelet, P. de Coux, B. Warot-Fonrose, V. Skumryev, L. Tarnawska, P. Zaumseil, T. Schroeder, J. Fontcuberta, Domain matching epitaxy of ferrimagnetic CoFe2O4 thin films on Sc2O3/Si(111), Applied Physics Letters 99, 211910 (2011) R. Bachelet, P. de Coux, B. Warot-Fonrose, V. Skumryev, J. Fontcuberta, F. Sánchez, CoFe2O4/buffer layer ultrathin heterostructures on Si(001), Journal of Applied Physics 110, 086102 (RC) (2011)R. Bachelet, C. Ocal, L. Garzón, J. Fontcuberta, F. Sánchez, Conducted growth of SrRuO3 nanodot arrays on self-ordered La0.18Sr0.82Al0.59Ta0.41O3(001) surfaces, Applied Physics Letters 99, 051914 (2011) R. Bachelet, D. Pesquera, G. Herranz, F. Sánchez, J. Fontcuberta, Persistent two-dimensional growth of (110) manganite films, Applied Physics Letters 97, 121904 (2010)
Contact:Dr. Florencio Sánchez
Tel. 935801853 (ext. 323-262)
Dr. Florencio Sánchez
tel. 93 580 18 53 (ext. 327)
Tel. 935801853 (ext. 323-262)
User's CommissionPresident: Prof. Xavier Obradors (Director of ICMAB)
Scientific Manager: Dr. Florencio Sánchez
Vocals:Prof. Josep Fontcuberta
Prof. Josep Lluis García
Prof. Benjamín Martínez
Prof. Carmen Ocal (Vocal)
Prof. Teresa Puig (Vocal)
Dr. Xavier Torrelles (Vocal)
The SCTs ICMAB-CSIC also offer consulting services and interpretation of results to help the optimization of the synthesis and properties of materials, depending on the interests of each client.
The SCT ICMAB-CSIC are on the campus of the UAB Autonomous University of Barcelona, in Cerdanyola del Valles. They form part of the Nanocluster-BCN, with more than 500 researchers working in Nanoscience. We have our own laboratories, equipment and techniques to characterize your products with the most appropriate technologies.
The ICMAB Spectroscopy Service was created with the main objective to provide centralised equipments and installations mainly to the research ICMAB groups though the service is also opened to external users. The priority of this service is to offer the highest levels of technology and quality to satisfy the requirements of the research lines currently underway in our institute. The currently equipments available are: EPR, RAMAN, UV-Vis-NIR, FT-IR and Luminescence spectrometers. For EPR and RAMAN equipments highly qualified technical staff is employed. The rest of the equipments are mainly used on a self-service regime. Three types of spectroscopy techniques have been carried out: a) Molecular spectroscopy: The systems available in our laboratory allow analytical and physic-chemical studies of organic and inorganic molecules (in solid or liquid state) in the ultraviolet, visible and infrared energy range. b) Electron Paramagnetic Resonance: The EPR allows to detect and study transient and stable paramagnetic species such as free radicals, over a very wide range of temperatures.
The Thermal Analysis Service of ICMAB includes two equipments, a simultaneous thermogravimetric analysis (TG)- differential scanning calorimetry/differential thermal analysis (heat flow DSC /DTA) system NETZSCH -STA 449 F1 Jupiter, and a differential scanning calorimeter (power compensation DSC) Perkin Elmer DSC8500 LAB SYS (N5340501) equipped with a Liquid N2 controller CRYOFILL (N534004).
Service RequestTo request this service, please fill the application form in the link below, and leave it together with the sample in the closet located atin the ground floor.
For further information please contact the service technicians Roberta Ceravola email@example.com
Prof. Amparo Fuertes
Department of Solid State Chemistry
Prof. Concepció Rovira
Department of Molecular Nanoscience and Organic Materials
Prof. Elies Molins
Department of Crystallography
Dra. Susagna Ricart
Department of Molecular and Supramolecular Materials
Dr. Carlos Frontera
Department of Magnetic Materials and Functional Oxides
TGA-DSC/DTAThe simultaneous TGA-DSC/DTA analyzer allows the measurement of weight and DSC (heat flow)/DTA (differential thermal analysis) signals as a function of temperature and time. It is used for monitoring chemical reactions, thermal stabilities, solvent evaporation and reduction and oxidation of materials under different gases among other studies. The sensitivity of the balance is 0.07 micrograms. The furnace can operate from room temperature to 1400oC. The analyzer may work in several atmospheres such as oxygen, air, argon and hydrogen (diluted at 5% in Ar), at ambient pressure and with using typical flow rates of 70 cm3/min.
The differential scanning calorimeter Perkin Elmer (power compensation) measures the energy absorbed and released when a sample is heated, frozen, or kept at constant temperature. Experiments can be made in the range of temperatures between 110 and 950 K. DSC is very useful to determine fusion or decomposition temperatures, phase transitions in crystals and amorphous solids, identification of polymorphs and also permits the identification of the molecular conformations as for example single polymer chain folding among others. With this equipment, very small amount of sample is needed (1-2 mg ) to have reliable results.
TGA Scientific supervisor:
Prof. Amparo Fuertes
Telf. 93 580 18 53 Ext. 277
DSC Scientific supervisor:
Prof. Concepció Rovira
Telf. 93 580 18 53 Ext. 245
Telf. 93 580 18 53 Ext. 270
The SCTs ICMAB- CSIC have experience in solving problems and ensure: