At short length scales phonon transport is ballistic: the thermal resistance of semiconductors and insulators is quantized and length independent. At long length scales, on the other hand, transport is diffusive and resistance arises as a result of the scattering processes experienced by phonons. In many cases of interest, however, these two transport regimes coexist. Here we propose a first-principles approach to treat quasiballistic phonon transport where diffusive and ballistic phonons receive separate theoretical treatments.
Partitioning the overall phonon population for a given transport length is performed examining the mean free paths obtained from the solution of the Boltzmann transport equation and allowing only diffusive phonons to participate in anharmonic phonon-phonon scattering processes. We present results for Si and diamond, discussing the crossover from ballistic to diffusive transport as the length scale and/or the temperature increases and compute the relative contribution of ballistic and diffusive phonons to the thermal conductance in each transport condition.
Sustainable energy conversion & storage systems
Quasiballistic phonon transport from first principles
Pol Torres, Miquel Royo, Miquel López-Suárez, Junichiro Shiomi, and Riccardo Rurali
The complex electron–phonon interaction occurring in bulk lead halide perovskites gives rise to anomalous temperature dependences, like the widening of the electronic band gap as temperature increases. However, possible confinement effects on the electron–phonon coupling in the nanocrystalline version of these materials remain unexplored. Herein, we study the temperature (ranging from 80 K to ambient) and hydrostatic pressure (from atmospheric to 0.6 GPa) dependence of the photoluminescence of ligand-free methylammonium lead triiodide nanocrystals with controlled sizes embedded in a porous silica matrix.
Novel composite materials are being investigated for improving the energy storage performance of electrochemical capacitors. For this goal, synergistic effects via the combination of diverse types of materials are crucial. In this work, electrodes composed of reduced graphene oxide, multiwall carbon nanotubes, as well as cerium and manganese oxides were fabricated through reactive inverse matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (RIMAPLE).
The continuous development of improved non-fullerene acceptors and deeper knowledge of the fundamental mechanisms governing performance underpin the vertiginous increase in efficiency witnessed by organic photovoltaics. While the influence of parameters like film thickness and morphology are generally understood, what determines the strong dependence of the photocurrent on the donor and acceptor fractions remains elusive.
The combination of light‐emitting diodes (LEDs) and rare earth (RE) phosphors as color‐converting layers comprises the basis of solid‐state lighting. Indeed, most LED lamps include a photoluminescent coating made of phosphor material, i.e., crystalline matrix suitably doped with RE elements, to produce white light from a blue or ultraviolet LED chip.
Superlattices with scattering mechanisms at multiple length scales efficiently scatter phonons at all relevant wavelengths and provide a convenient route to reduce thermal transport. Here, we show, both experimentally and by atomistic simulations, that SiGe superlattices with well-established compositional gradients and a sufficient number of interfaces exhibit extremely low thermal conductivity.