Electrocrystallization of tetramethyl-bis(ethylenedithio)-tetrathiafulvalene (TM-BEDT-TTF) (1) as pure (S,S,S,S) and (R,R,R,R) enantiomers in the presence of (n-Bu4N)2(Mo6O19) and chloroform or bromoform afforded a series of four isostructural enantiopure radical cation salts [(S/R)-1]9(Mo6O19)5·(CHX3)2 (X = Cl, Br) crystallizing in the trigonal non-centrosymmetric space group R32.
In the formula unit there are six donors of type A and three donors of type B showing, respectively, (ax, ax, eq, eq) and all-ax conformations (ax = axial, eq = equatorial) of the methyl substituents. The donors form a hexagonal network in the ab plane with a helical twist between them leading to lateral orbital overlap interactions. Electrocrystallization of the racemic donor provided the compound [(rac)-1]2(Mo6O19) which crystallized in the monoclinic system P21/n. Single crystal resistivity measurements show semiconducting behaviour of the enantiopure materials with a relatively high room temperature conductivity of 0.8–1.2 S cm−1, but rather insensitive to applied pressures of up to 2.3 GPa. Analysis of the electronic structure of the conducting solids through extended Hückel tight-binding band structure calculations indicates a Mott insulator behaviour explaining the semiconducting character and suggests that these compounds are valuable candidates for Dirac cone materials. Further insight into the conducting properties is provided by preliminary field effect transistor measurements.
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Unusual stoichiometry, band structure and band filling in conducting enantiopure radical cation salts of TM-BEDT-TTF showing helical packing of the donors
While oxidation of d8 anionic gold bis(dithiolene) complexes most often affords the corresponding neutral radical single-component conductor, an original gold bis(diselenolene) complex isolated as a Ph4P+ salt affords upon electrocrystallization a mixed-valence 1 : 2 salt, [Ph4P][Au(Me-thiazds)2]2 (Me-thiazds: 2-methyl-1,3-thiazoline-2-thione-4,5-diselenolate).
When we speak of nanometric water films on surfaces we are speaking about a truly ubiquitous phenomenon in nature. All surfaces exposed to ambient conditions are covered by a thin film of water that affects or mediates surface chemistry, general physical-chemical processes on surfaces, and even solid–solid interactions.
The dramatic consequences that the orientation adopted by the molecular dipoles, in diverse arrays of chloroaluminum phthalocyanine (ClAlPc) on Au(111), have on the ulterior adsorption and growth of C60 are explored by means of an all scanning probe microscopy approach. The unidirectional downwards organization of the molecular dipoles at the first layer reduces charge transfer from the metal to C60. Imbalance between attractive and repulsive interactions of the fullerenes are crucial for their ordered supramolecular aggregation.
To date, crystallization studies conducted in space laboratories, which are prohibitively costly and unsuitable to most research laboratories, have shown the valuable effects of microgravity during crystal growth and morphogenesis. Herein, an easy and highly efficient method is shown to achieve space-like experimentation conditions on Earth employing custom-made microfluidic devices to fabricate 2D porous crystalline molecular frameworks.
Layered group V transition-metal trichalcogenides are paradigmatic low-dimensional materials providing an ever increasing series of unusual properties. They are all based on the same basic building units, one-dimensional MX3 (M = Nb, Ta; X = S, Se) trigonal-prismatic chains that condense into layers, but their electronic structures exhibit significant differences leading to a broad spectrum of transport properties, ranging from metals with one, two, or three charge density wave instabilities to semimetals with potential topological properties or semiconductors.