Plasmonic gold nanoparticles have been used increasingly in solid-state systems because of their applicability in fabricating novel sensors, heterogeneous catalysts, metamaterials, and thermoplasmonic substrates. While bottom-up colloidal syntheses take advantage of the chemical environment to control size, shape, composition, surface chemistry, and crystallography of the nanostructures precisely, it can be challenging to assemble nanoparticles rationally from suspension onto solid supports or within devices.
In this Review, we discuss a powerful recent synthetic methodology, bottom-up in situ substrate growth, which circumvents time-consuming batch presynthesis, ligand exchange, and self-assembly steps by applying wet-chemical synthesis to form morphologically controlled nanostructures on supporting materials. First, we briefly introduce the properties of plasmonic nanostructures. Then we comprehensively summarize recent work that adds to the synthetic understanding of in situ geometrical and spatial control (patterning). Next, we briefly discuss applications of plasmonic hybrid materials prepared by in situ growth. Overall, despite the vast potential advantages of in situ growth, the mechanistic understanding of these methodologies remains far from established, providing opportunities and challenges for future research.
Sustainable energy conversion & storage systems
Direct Bottom-Up In Situ Growth: A Paradigm Shift for Studies in Wet-Chemical Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles
Gail A. Vinnacombe-Willson*, Ylli Conti, Andrei Stefancu, Paul S. Weiss, Emiliano Cortés and Leonardo Scarabelli*
Chem. Rev. 2023, 123, 13, 8488–8529