Conventional approaches for lattice dynamics based on static interatomic forces do not fully account for the effects of time-reversal-symmetry breaking in magnetic systems. Recent approaches to rectify this involve incorporating the first-order change in forces with atomic velocities under the assumption of adiabatic separation of electronic and nuclear degrees of freedom.
In this Letter, we develop a first-principles method to calculate this velocity-force coupling in extended solids and show via the example of ferromagnetic CrI3 that, due to the slow dynamics of the spins in the system, the assumption of adiabatic separation can result in large errors for splittings of zone-center chiral modes. We demonstrate that an accurate description of the lattice dynamics requires treating magnons and phonons on the same footing.
Oxides for new-generation electronics
Frequency Splitting of Chiral Phonons from Broken Time-Reversal Symmetry in CrI3
John Bonini, Shang Ren, David Vanderbilt, Massimiliano Stengel, Cyrus E. Dreyer, and Sinisa Coh
Phys. Rev. Lett. 130, 086701 – Published 21 February 2023