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High-Temperature Synthesis of Ferromagnetic Eu3Ta3(O,N)9 with a Triple Perovskite Structure
10 November 2023
Europium tantalum perovskite oxynitrides were prepared by a new high-temperature solid-state synthesis under N2 or N2/H2 gas. The nitrogen stoichiometry was tuned from 0.63 to 1.78 atoms per Eu or Ta atom, starting with appropriate N/O ratios in the mixture of the reactants Eu2O3, EuN and Ta3N5, or Eu2O3 and TaON, which was treated at 1200 °C for 3 h.
Two phases were isolated with compositions EuTaO2.37N0.63 and Eu3Ta3O3.66N5.34, showing different crystal structures and magnetic properties. Electron diffraction and Rietveld refinement of synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction indicated that EuTaO2.37N0.63 is a simple perovskite with cubic Pmm structure and cell parameter a = 4.02043(1) Å, whereas the new compound Eu3Ta3O3.66N5.34 is the first example of a triple perovskite oxynitride and shows space group P4/mmm with crystal parameters a = 3.99610(2), c = 11.96238(9) Å. The tripling of the c-axis in this phase is a consequence of the partial ordering of europium atoms with different charges in two A sites of the perovskite structure with relative ratio 2:1, where the formal oxidation states +3 and +2 are respectively dominant. Magnetic data provide evidence of ferromagnetic ordering developing at low temperatures in both oxynitrides, with saturation magnetization of about 6 μB and 3 μB per Eu ion for EuTaO2.37N0.63 and the triple perovskite Eu3Ta3O3.66N5.34 respectively, and corresponding Curie temperatures of about 7 and 3 K, which is in agreement with the lower proportion of Eu2+ in the latter compound.
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High-Temperature Synthesis of Ferromagnetic Eu3Ta3(O,N)9 with a Triple Perovskite Structure

Jhonatan R. Guarín Jhonatan R. Guarín, Carlos Frontera, Judith Oró-Solé, Jaume Gàzquez, Clemens Ritter, Josep Fontcuberta*, and Amparo Fuertes*

Inorg. Chem. 2023, 62, 42, 17362–17370
Publication Date: October 12, 2023