We have investigated the radical functionalization of gold surfaces with a derivative of the perchlorotriphenylmethyl (PTM) radical using two methods: by chemisorption from the radical solution and by on-surface chemical derivation from a precursor.
We have investigated the obtained self-assembled monolayers by photon-energy dependent X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Our results show that the molecules were successfully anchored on the surfaces. We have used a robust method that can be applied to a variety of materials to assess the stability of the functionalized interface. The monolayers are characterized by air and X-ray beam stability unprecedented for films of organic radicals. Over very long X-ray beam exposure we observed a dynamic nature of the radical–Au complex. The results clearly indicate that (mono)layers of PTM radical derivatives have the necessary stability to withstand device applications.
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Stability of radical-functionalized gold surfaces by self-assembly and on-surface chemistry
Tobias Junghoefer, Ewa Malgorzata Nowik-Boltyk, J. Alejandro de Sousa, Erika Giangrisostomi, Ruslan Ovsyannikov, Thomas Chassé, Jaume Veciana, Marta Mas-Torrent, Concepció Rovira, Núria Crivillers and Maria Benedetta Casu *
While oxidation of d8 anionic gold bis(dithiolene) complexes most often affords the corresponding neutral radical single-component conductor, an original gold bis(diselenolene) complex isolated as a Ph4P+ salt affords upon electrocrystallization a mixed-valence 1 : 2 salt, [Ph4P][Au(Me-thiazds)2]2 (Me-thiazds: 2-methyl-1,3-thiazoline-2-thione-4,5-diselenolate).
When we speak of nanometric water films on surfaces we are speaking about a truly ubiquitous phenomenon in nature. All surfaces exposed to ambient conditions are covered by a thin film of water that affects or mediates surface chemistry, general physical-chemical processes on surfaces, and even solid–solid interactions.
Electrocrystallization of tetramethyl-bis(ethylenedithio)-tetrathiafulvalene (TM-BEDT-TTF) (1) as pure (S,S,S,S) and (R,R,R,R) enantiomers in the presence of (n-Bu4N)2(Mo6O19) and chloroform or bromoform afforded a series of four isostructural enantiopure radical cation salts [(S/R)-1]9(Mo6O19)5·(CHX3)2 (X = Cl, Br) crystallizing in the trigonal non-centrosymmetric space group R32.
The dramatic consequences that the orientation adopted by the molecular dipoles, in diverse arrays of chloroaluminum phthalocyanine (ClAlPc) on Au(111), have on the ulterior adsorption and growth of C60 are explored by means of an all scanning probe microscopy approach. The unidirectional downwards organization of the molecular dipoles at the first layer reduces charge transfer from the metal to C60. Imbalance between attractive and repulsive interactions of the fullerenes are crucial for their ordered supramolecular aggregation.
To date, crystallization studies conducted in space laboratories, which are prohibitively costly and unsuitable to most research laboratories, have shown the valuable effects of microgravity during crystal growth and morphogenesis. Herein, an easy and highly efficient method is shown to achieve space-like experimentation conditions on Earth employing custom-made microfluidic devices to fabricate 2D porous crystalline molecular frameworks.